My relatives have gone away; my closest friends have forgotten me. The book of Job is Narrative History. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. But I desire to speak to the Almighty and to argue my case with God. Only God and Job himself know the inside story and reasons here. But my mouth would encourage you; comfort from my lips would bring you relief. He questions why God judges people by their deeds if God can just as easily change or forgive their behavior. Suffering exists because we live in a post-Genesis three world, where the Creation is cursed, and people are sinners by nature (Psalm 51), and choice (Romans 3:23; 6:23), and in need of the Lord who alone can save (Ephesians 2:8). Eliphaz concludes that Job’s pain must be due to some sin Job has acted, and he recommends Job to seek God’s favor. The tendency here is to reduce evil and suffering to a purely rational problem, especially a problem to which one claims to possess the solution. “How long will you torment me and crush me with words? This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil. By Mary Jane Chaignot. Can anyone bring charges against me? Job decides to talk directly to God. Will you torment a windblown leaf? Your maxims are proverbs of ashes; your defenses are defenses of clay. In this Bible story from the book of Job, there is a wealthy man named Job residing in an area called Uz with his extended family and vast flocks. Job is not finally given an answer to the problem of evil, nor is his question of why everything is happening to him ultimately answered. The main problem with that view is the book of Job criticizes this position precisely. Evil and suffering can also shock people out of their indifference to spiritual things, and sometimes even out of their false sense of control. Read scripture text about the Bible story of Job and find related articles, podcasts, and sermons below! This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil. Above all, Job was a spiritual man. “Does Job fear God for nothing?” Satan replied. God may use the results of evil and suffering to build the moral and spiritual character of His people or to express fatherly discipline (Romans 5:3; Hebrews 10:35; 12:4-11). His anger burns against me; he counts me among his enemies. God similarly allows evil and suffering to bring about discipline in the lives of His children. Will you argue the case for God? Job was righteous, and we know all the wicked died in the flood and only Noah and his family were saved, because they listened to God. Hear now my argument; listen to the pleas of my lips. He has stripped me of my honor and removed the crown from my head. All rights reserved. The book’s theme is the eternal problem of unmerited suffering, and it is named after its central God assails me and tears me in his anger and gnashes his teeth at me; my opponent fastens on me his piercing eyes. Job was humbled by the Lord when He revealed Himself to Job (Job 42:5-6). Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar defended God’s justice, often with very logical arguments and rational reasoning, and yet, God said of them in the end, “you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has” (Job 42:7). This time, Job is distressed with terrible skin sores. Yet, Job still worshipped Jehovah. Bildad supposes that Job’s children brought their deaths upon themselves. Job’s story tells us he lost virtually everything he had: his possessions, his children and his health. My breath is offensive to my wife; I am loathsome to my own family. It is possible that Job is the oldest of any book of the Bible written approximately 2100-1800 B.C. that they were inscribed with an iron tool on lead, or engraved in rock forever! For faith to grow, it often has to be tested by fire. In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. The Book of Job calls Christians to trust in the Lord humbly. Will you speak deceitfully for him? The assuring guarantee for the Christian is that God does not allow evil and suffering to come into their lives without producing a greater good. Job is the richest man in the East. Even worse, Zophar suggests that whatever wrongdoing Job has done he likely deserves more suffering than what he has experienced. Then summon me and I will answer, or let me speak, and you reply to me. “So man wastes away like something rotten, like a garment eaten by moths. “He has alienated my family from me; my acquaintances are completely estranged from me. Could you deceive him as you might deceive a mortal? Job believes that there is a “witness” or a “Redeemer” in heaven who will testify for his integrity (Job 16:19, Job 19:25). It collapsed on them and they are dead, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!”, At this, Job got up and tore his robe and shaved his head. Amid our suffering, we look to Jesus, the author, and the finisher of our faith (Hebrews 12:2). One day the angels came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came with them. The Book of Job is one of the literary masterpieces of all time, and provides a profound discussion on the suffering of a just man. “Have pity on me, my friends, have pity, for the hand of God has struck me. All rights reserved. When Dave isn’t busy with ministry, he loves spending time with his wife, Sarah, reading the latest from Christian publishers, the Reformers, and the Puritans, playing golf, watching movies, sports, and spending time with his family. My guests and my female servants count me a foreigner; they look on me as on a stranger. The book of Job takes place in an area called in the Bible "the land of Uz" (Job 1:1), which is believed to have been the area southeast of Israel on the Arabian border. You fasten my feet in shackles; you keep close watch on all my paths by putting marks on the soles of my feet. The date of the book is unknown. Three of Job’s companions, Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar, arrive to comfort him, sitting with Job in silence for seven days out of reverence for his grieving. She is reading the bible through again this year, and in going through the genealogy, she has not located the info she wanted. Job was heartbroken, but he did not stop worshipping Jehovah. Salem Media Group. “My eyes have seen all this, my ears have heard and understood it. (Read the story in the book of Job, before Psalms.) Question. God has turned me over to the ungodly and thrown me into the clutches of the wicked. Satan accused Job of honoring God only because God had blessed him. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Furthermore, they hide behind their arguments as a means of avoiding the actual responsibility of a friend: Comforting the one who suffers. Even the well-reasoned explanation of his suffering would have been wholly insufficient to Job amid his agony as the concrete problem of evil demands more than an abstract, philosophical answer. Job’s story is the ultimate test of faith and example of perseverance in the Bible. What is answered is God has His purposes for His children who are experiencing suffering. Job’s nameless wife turns up after the final blow, after Job has been struck with boils. What Does it Mean That the Word of God Is Alive? Job reconciles on their behalf, and God forgives them. “Only a few years will pass before I take the path of no return. Bible Gateway interviewed Rev. For this reason, despite the counsel of his three “friends,” Job cries out to God himself for a suitable explanation (Job 31:35). As the writer of Hebrews declares, “Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as sons” (Hebrews 12:7). Christopher Ash about his book, Job: The Wisdom of the Cross (Crossway, 2014).. For those who are unfamiliar with it, briefly tell the story of Job. Furthermore, humans cannot possibly convince God with their words. “Oh, that my words were recorded, that they were written on a scroll. Again and again he bursts upon me; he rushes at me like a warrior. Ten times now you have reproached me; shamelessly you attack me. If we use this lens to examine the speeches of Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar, it becomes evident why the Lord accuses them of speaking falsely. Why Do We Sing Auld Lang Syne at the New Year? The story of “Job” in the Bible is usually taken by scholars to be an entirely mythical rendition and intended for an allegorical moral interpretation. This story has an incredible ending. Bible readers can inspect Job’s example and should conclude that justice prevailed in the end because God not only made restitution to Job, but he found himself more abundantly blessed than he had been before his suffering. “I have heard many things like these; you are miserable comforters, all of you! As God begins to question Job, He reveals Job’s ignorance and limitations of understanding: “Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?” (Job 38:4). Will you speak wickedly on God’s behalf? gen 25:6 is a new one to me, I missed that somehow. “Keep silent and let me speak; then let come to me what may. 1 In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. His troops advance in force; they build a siege ramp against me and encamp around my tent. He hopes that his birth had been obscured in darkness and desires to have never been born, believing that life only increases his suffering. One day when Job’s sons and daughters were feasting and drinking wine at the oldest brother’s house. Even in the darkest times, through death and turmoil, questions of faith and God, Job … The anonymous author was almost certainly an Israelite, although he h… Like Moses and Isaiah, it was God’s visible glory that humbled Job (Job 42:5-6). but Yes if Ishmael kept in touch and he and Isaac burried Abraham, then the other sons and grandsons May have also, thus giving the story of Job to Moses. The first raiding party are “Sabeans” (Job … 20 Bible Quotes about Strength: Be Strong and Courageous! There is no way to identify this area precisely, and for that reason people from all the world wonder at the book of Job. The LORD said to Satan, “Where have you come from?” Satan answered the LORD, “From roaming throughout the earth, going back and forth on it.”, Then the LORD said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job? The central figure in the book of Job, Job's intense suffering supplies the framework for the primary theme of the book, which deals with the role of suffering in the life of a believer. Job accuses God of being unjust and not operating the world according to principles of justice, and his friends believe that Job's sin caused his suffering. There is no one on earth like him; he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns evil.”. Romans 8:28, “And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose.”. You have shriveled me up—and it has become a witness; my gauntness rises up and testifies against me. Yet, for millennia, readers have also drawn comfort and hope from the story of Job’s extreme suffering. Listen carefully to what I say; let my words ring in your ears. Job in The Bible was a good, rich and religious man. 2 He had seven sons and three daughters, 3 and he owned seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen and five hundred donkeys, and had a large number of servants. And after my skin has been destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see God; I myself will see him with my own eyes—I, and not another. A summary of Part X (Section11) in 's Bible: The Old Testament. God then restores Job’s health, granting him twice as much property as before, new children, and remarkably long life. In all this, Job did not sin by charging God with wrongdoing. Rabbinic tradition ascribes it to Moses, but scholars generally agree that it was written between the 7th and 4th centuries BCE, with the 6th century BCE as the most likely period for various reasons. If only you would be altogether silent! Why do I put myself in jeopardy and take my life in my hands? 2 And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters. People open their mouths to jeer at me; they strike my cheek in scorn and unite together against me. The book tells how Satan , appeared in heaven (ch. He assumes that wisdom is concealed from humans, but he decides to persevere in seeking wisdom by fearing God and evading evil. The Bible tells us that one day Satan presented himself before God and God asked Satan what he thought of Job. Ultimately, the Book of Job and the Old Testament Wisdom Books simply call readers to submit to the Lord humbly. ”, Breath of the Spirit Ministries - Barbie Breathitt, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Sermon on the Mount - Bible Story Verses & Meaning, The Prodigal Son Parable - Bible Story Verses & Meaning, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. He received his MAR and M.Div. Throughout the book, Job, his wife, and his friends speculate on why he, an upright man, suffers. Job Was Righteous and a Gentile. He is “blameless” and “upright,” constantly mindful to live in a righteous manner (Job 1:1). Job had 7000 sheep, 3000 camels, 500 ox, 500 donkeys, and many servants. Categories: Job, Old Testament. Job’s affliction served as a discipline and worked to transform him into an even more righteous man. The Book of Job, book of Hebrew scripture that is often counted among the masterpieces of world literature. Even now my witness is in heaven; my advocate is on high. In the well-known biblical story dealing with the problem of undeserved suffering, Job loses his children, his possessions, and his health. Even the little boys scorn me; when I appear, they ridicule me. Show me my offense and my sin. Would it turn out well if he examined you? His sons used to hold feasts in their homes on their birthdays, and they would invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. He tears me down on every side till I am gone; he uproots my hope like a tree. Will your long-winded speeches never end? “I have sewed sackcloth over my skin and buried my brow in the dust. Eliphaz replies that Job, who has comforted other people, now reveals that he never actually knew their pain. Genealogy of Job. As time went on, he went through a process of searching for answers for why this happened to him, then sinking into despair when he did not find those answers. The book of Job states that Job lived near the desert (Job 1:19) but that the territory was fertile for farming and raising livestock (Job 1:3, 14; 42:12). Key personalities of this book include Job, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, Zophar the Naamathite, and Elihu the Buzite. The story of Job reveals what goes on behind the scenes in a believer’s life. Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2021, Christianity.com. Job did receive confirmation that suffering is not always for sin, despite his friends’ insistence to the contrary, which is evidenced by the restoration of his blessings in Job 42:12-17. Why do you hide your face and consider me your enemy? California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Over the time of one day, Job is given four reports, each informing him that his sheep, servants, and ten children have all died due to thieving intruders or natural disasters. You, however, smear me with lies; you are worthless physicians, all of you! Any help would be appreciated. They put the servants to the sword, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!”, While he was still speaking, another messenger came and said, “The fire of God fell from the heavens and burned up the sheep and the servants, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!”, While he was still speaking, another messenger came and said, “The Chaldeans formed three raiding parties and swept down on your camels and made off with them. For you write down bitter things against me and make me reap the sins of my youth. The Lord’s answer to Job out of the whirlwind was. He was the greatest man among all the people of the East. Satan wanted Job to suffer even more, so he caused sores to break out all over Job’s body. He had seven sons and three daughters. The character Job appears in the 6th-century BCE Book of Ezekiel (although the book has later additions ) as a man of antiquity renowned for his righteousness, and the author of the Book of Job has apparently chosen this legendary hero for his parable. Others see … Job desires for someone who can mediate between himself and God, or be sent to Sheol, the dark space of the dead. Job (/ dʒ oʊ b / JOHB; Hebrew: אִיּוֹב – ' Iyyōḇ; Greek: Ἰώβ – Iṓb) is the central figure of the Book of Job in the Bible.In rabbinical literature, Job is called one of the prophets of the Gentiles. In this way, problems may be used by God’s grace to bring a person to saving faith in Christ. Job wants to face God and protest, but cannot physically find God. Indeed, this will turn out for my deliverance, for no godless person would dare come before him! Facing evil and suffering are never pleasant, but every Christian can take heart because Jesus and the Apostles taught that we would face suffering (John 15:21; 16:33; 1 Peter 4:12-19; 2 Timothy 3:12). “Who is this that darkens counsel,” he asks, “by words without knowledge?” (Job 38:2). “Yet if I speak, my pain is not relieved; and if I refrain, it does not go away. Some have identified it as a copy of Egyptian first Intermediate period to Hyksos era (2200B.C. “Have you not put a hedge around him and his household and everything he has? Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. My face is red with weeping, dark shadows ring my eyes; yet my hands have been free of violence and my prayer is pure. 2 He had seven sons and three daughters, 3 and he owned seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen and five hundred donkeys, and had a large number of servants. While there may be many Theodicies (from the Greek word Theos (“God”) and the root dik (“just”) found within its pages, Job has more to say about how the problem of evil and suffering are dealt with than the problem itself. What you know, I also know; I am not inferior to you. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. I know that my redeemer lives, and that in the end he will stand on the earth. In Job I we are given a behind-the-scenes look at events of which Job was completely unaware.God, however, was very much aware of Job and of the wholehearted obedience he sought to render. “In the land of Uz [modern day Saudi Arabia], there lived a man whose name was Job” ().Job was not an Israelite. Answer The LORD said to Satan, “Very well, then, everything he has is in your power, but on the man himself do not lay a finger.” Then Satan went out from the presence of the LORD. It is found in the third section of the biblical canon known as the Ketuvim (“Writings”). then know that God has wronged me and drawn his net around me. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Satan dares God that, if given the approval to inflict suffering, Job will change and curse God. lamentation literature. THE BOOK OF JOB. In His service, BibleAsk Team Its author is unknown yet it is possible that Job himself wrote it. While he was still speaking, yet another messenger came and said, “Your sons and daughters were feasting and drinking wine at the oldest brother’s house, when suddenly a mighty wind swept in from the desert and struck the four corners of the house. Would not the dread of him fall on you? Job rips his clothes and shaves his head in sorrow, yet he still praises God in his prayers. God brags to Satan about Job’s virtue, but Satan contends that Job is only righteous because God has favored him generously. Christians are indwelt and empowered for the mission of making disciples who make disciples with the full authority of Jesus (Matthew 28:16-20). His initial response was to rise up in shock, tear his clothes and shave his head. of Though the text does not directly identify its setting, internal clues indicate that For you, that would be wisdom. We want to make sure that God knows because when He finds out, surely He’ll do something about it! He has blocked my way so I cannot pass; he has shrouded my paths in darkness. It was the three friends’ obsession with theodicy that rendered them “miserable comforters” to Job (Job 16:2). What ails you that you keep on arguing? In the story of Job, the Lord reveals His omnipotence in contrast to Job’s finite understanding and powerless as a created being. His wife urges him to denounce God and to give up and die, but Job protests, trying to endure his inflictions. Will you never get enough of my flesh? You can follow him on Twitter at @davejjenkins, find him on Facebook at Dave Jenkins SOG, Instagram, read more of his writing at Servants of Grace, or sign to receive his newsletter. Whether during pain, suffering, or agony, the Lord will sustain His people through it all for His purposes and glory. 1 In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. Would not his splendor terrify you? through Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary. Job damns the day he was born, relating life and death to light and darkness. The Lord’s speech to Job could be used to construct a theodicy based on the sovereignty of God; the clay has no right to question its potter (Romans 9:20-21). He did not know why all these things were happening to him. Job is one of the most famous people in Scripture, yet he is rarely listed as a favorite Bible character. How my heart yearns within me! Job was in terrible pain. He was the greatest man among all the people of the East. The Book of Job serves more as a critique of theodicy than a source of theodicy. Satan arrives in heaven again, and God allows him another opportunity to test Job. In fact, God Himself called Satan’s attention to Job. Job Bible Story. Job reacts to each of these remarks, becoming so angry that he calls his sympathizers “worthless physicians” who “whitewash [their help] with lies” (Job 13:4). It would be imprudent though to take this argument and use it to escape the command to “weep with those who weep” (Romans 12:15). He had ten children and was a man of great wealth. When a period of feasting had run its course, Job would make arrangements for them to be purified. He would surely call you to account if you secretly showed partiality. It is confusing to Job how a human can truly satisfy God’s justice as his ways are mysterious and exceeding human comprehension. The first clues have to do with the raiders who destroy or steal Job’s herds and livestock. Additionally, the Lord’s infinite knowledge is contrasted with Job’s limited human perspective. These verses also tell us that Job was the greatest of all “the people of the East” who lived in the land of Uz. God saw all of this, and he was very pleased with Job. I also could speak like you, if you were in my place; I could make fine speeches against you and shake my head at you. God may use evil and suffering to get an unbeliever’s attention and ultimately to draw the person to Himself (Zechariah 13:7-9; Luke 13:1-15; John 9). 25 New Year Bible Verses to Renew Our Hope and Faith. Will you show him partiality? My intercessor is my friend as my eyes pour out tears to God; on behalf of a man he pleads with God as one pleads for a friend. In this paper we’ll look for a response from the Christian and Muslim scriptures to the question of human suffering through the story of Job… But now stretch out your hand and strike everything he has, and he will surely curse you to your face.”. Job had seven sons and seven daughters. One of the most overwhelming things about a severe trial can be the sense of isolation. Like such patriarchs, Job acted as a priest for his family, regularly offering up sacrifices in behalf of his children.—Job 1:1-5; 31:16-22. The suffering shows too much for Job, and he turns bitter, anxious, and scared. By Zhou Ming. Overcome by the appearance of God, Job recognizes God’s infinite power and accepts the constraints of his human understanding. Early in the morning he would sacrifice a burnt offering for each of them, thinking, “Perhaps my children have sinned and cursed God in their hearts.” This was Job’s regular custom. There was a man whose name is called Job in Uz. Bildad and Zophar agree that Job must have performed evil to provoke God’s justice and argue that he should attempt to manifest more innocent behavior. Job was called a righteous man by Ezekiel (14:14), along with Noah and Daniel. On the seventh day, Job talks, starting a discussion in which each of the four men shares his reflections on Job’s troubles in poetic descriptions. Job received a reply, not to his question, “What is happening to me,” but an answer to the Who: God! In the Bible, “the best-known wrestling with the problem of suffering comes to us in the book of Job.” (Ehrman, 2008, p. 162). What Was the Spiritual Purpose of the Ephod in the Bible? Job feared God and shunned evil, he stood witness for God during his trials, he earned God’s praise and blessings, and he lived out a worthy and meaningful life which is … Proud member God permits Satan to abuse Job to experiment with this brazen claim, but he forbids Satan to take Job’s life in the manner. a messenger came to Job and said, “The oxen were plowing and the donkeys were grazing nearby, and the Sabeans attacked and made off with them. Though he slay me, yet will I hope in him; I will surely defend my ways to his face. “Though I cry, ‘Violence!’ I get no response; though I call for help, there is no justice. All was well with me, but he shattered me; he seized me by the neck and crushed me. 1 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. Job 42:10-17 “After Job had prayed for his friends, the LORD restored his prosperity and doubled his [previous] possessions. In the end, Job never completely gave up hope or faith in God as an inspiration to everyone enduring suffering of their own. Lewis in The Problem of Pain so eloquently put it, “God whispers to us in our pleasures, speaks in our conscience, but shouts in our pains: It is his megaphone to rouse a deaf world.”. The Story of Job Children's Bible. 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